Baobab, (genus Adansonia), genus of nine species of deciduous trees of the hibiscus, or mallow, family . It is deciduous, has digitate leaves, bears large, off-white flowers (lasting only about one day) and large indehiscent fruit. Ethnobotanical Uses: Edible Plant Parts (Edible Fruits, Edible Leaves, Edible Seeds, Edible Roots) Wherever it grows people rely on it for food. As the plant matures you can expect it to reach up to 25 m (82ft) tall. Adansonia digitata is commonly referred to as a "Monkey-bread Tree." List of Adansonia Baobab Species To Order: About Baobab Spices: Grandidieri:is the biggest and most famous of Madagascar's six species of baobabs.This imposing and unusual tree is endemic to the island of Madagascar, where it is an endangered species threatened by the encroachment of agricultural land. The plant parts are used to treat ... Leaves South Africa Infusion Van Wyk and Gericke (2000) Fever, dysentery Leaves, roots Sudan – Gebauer et al. Leaves are eaten like spinach. With a thick, bottle-shaped trunk and beautiful green leaves, it thus becomes an ideal option for those who have a garden in a warm climate. Standardized commercial preparations of Adansonia digitata leaves, fruit-pulp and seeds were acquired and extracted with three different solvents, water, methanol and DMSO. In tree: Trees of special interest …ground) are held by the baobab (Adansonia digitata) of Africa and the Mexican swamp cypress (Taxodium mucronatum).The baobab attains a maximum height of about 23 metres (75 feet); its barrel-shaped trunk attains a diameter of more than 5 metres (16 feet), but a few individuals range from 7.7 to… Indigenous in the semi arid part of the sub-Saharian Africa. The Adansonia digitata L. (1753) is an up to 25 m tall tree with massive cylindrical or characteristically bottle-shaped trunk, that may reach the 10 m of diameter, and branches irregularly distributed along the trunk or concentrated at the apex. The African baobab (Adansonia digitata L.) is one of the eight species of baobab (Adansonia) and the only one native to mainland Africa. Adansonia digitata dry leaves 39,1 mg of Baobab dry leaves were used, and the sample was prepared following the general procedure. The leaves are mostly consumed as leafy vegetables with cereal meals in some West African countries (Sidibe and Williams 2002). Leaves are used as a diaphoretic, expectorant, astringent and as a fever prophylactic. The Adansonia digitata and Cassia tora leaf extracts fed at higher doses (1000mg) decreased blood glucose concentrations of rats (33.63% and 23.92%, respectively) more than those fed standard antidiabetic drug glibenclamide (17.23%). The baobab used to belong to the family, Bombacaceae, but this is now generally regarded as a … 3. Species digitata means hand-shaped and refers to the shape of the leaves. Acid pulp of fruit used by some pastoral tribes to curdle milk in the manufacture of kwatakwari. Adansonia digitata L. (Malvaceae) is a majestic tree revered in Africa for its medicinal and nutritional value. USDA Zones: 10 – 12, can be grown in other zones in pots with care in winter Difficulty: Moderate Other Names: Adansonia (scientific name), boab, boaboa, tabaldi, bottle tree, upside-down tree, and monkey bread tree. Like other baobabs, the African baobab is a massive deciduous fruit tree, up to 20-30 m high, with a lifespan of several hundred years. The obtained solution was diluted 1:100 and measurements were conducted using 5, 10 and 15 µl volumes of the sample. In the Sahel 4 types of baobab are distinguished: ‘black-bark’, ‘red … With the ability to grow up to 98 feet (30 meters) tall, this lush tree produces a large fruit with a citrus-like flavor that’s appreciated for its delicious taste and various nutritional benefits.. Its scientific name is Adansonia digitata, and its main characteristic is, of course, its size. Usually solitary individuals surviving well in dry climates and tolerating fire. Adansonia digitata are large deciduous trees with a large thick trunk (possibly the thickest in the world) that is thick-boled (bottle-shaped) reach a diameter of 10-14 m (33-46 ft). Genus Adansonia is named after Michel Adanson (1727 - 1806), who was a French botanist in Senegal and author of the book, Familles des plantes. Among these leafy plants, stands baobab (Adansonia digitata L.) wherein its products (leaves, fruits and bark) are used for food and medicinal treatment. Baobabus digitata (L.) Kuntze 2. 4. Its fruit is highly nutritious and is blended into smoothies and added to other foods such as cereal bars. Adansonia digitata, or the African Baobab, is an enormous evergreen tree found subtropical regions of Africa including countries like South Africa, Botswana, Tanzania, and Madagascar (NTBG). Leaves are found in a long list of treatments for ailments including asthma, fatigue, kidney and bladder diseases, diarrhoea and inflammations. The reason for this, is that their fruit is edible. Abstract Traditionally, in many countries, various parts of the Adansonia digitata (A. digitata) tree have been used in the treatment of many clinical ailments including diarrhea and dysentery. Adansonia digitata essential oils contain hydrocarbons, terpenoids, amides and esters. The leaves are mostly green to … digitata: hand-shaped, referring to the shape of the leaves. Fibres are gotten from the bark to make mats, fishing nets, sacks and cloths. Baobab Leaves Also known as the Tree of Life, the baobab tree is native to specific regions of Africa, Arabia, Australia and Madagascar. The leaves are hand-sized and divided into 5-7 finger-like leaflets. It is a food plant in which the leaves and seeds can be cooked to make feeding better. Even gardeners without green fingers can make it with a little patience, to multiply the baobab tree. Baobab [Adansonia digitata] Other names include boab, boaboa, tabaldi, bottle tree, upside-down tree, and monkey bread tree. The name Adansonia was given to this tree to commemorate the French surgeon Michel Adanson (1727-1806); the species name digitata meaning hand-like, is in reference to the shape of the leaves. Others consider its fruits the finer food And all rely on baobab seed for sustenance during famine times. Adansonia digitata (A. digitata) leaves serve as food and has several medicinal uses in many parts of the world. The trunk stores considerable water, and is used as a reservoir, sometimes being tapped for as much as 1000 gallons. A further quantitative analysis revealed that the leaves Adansonia digitataare rich in Total phenols (17.26mg/5g), Saponin (9.93 mg/5g), Alkaloids (3.09mg/5g), Flavonoid (2.8mg/5g), Tannin (2.76 mg/5g) while Cardiac glycoside recorded least crude yield of 2.06 mg per 5g of baobab’s leaves extract. Description: The African baobab (Adansonia digitata) is one of the plant kingdom's strangest tree, it is not particularly tall growing (up to 25 m tall and usually less) but the trunk is massive: as much as 11 m in diameter and shaped like a bottle.It is a deciduous tree, losing its leaves in the dry season. Hollowed out, they are used as rooms. All Baobabs are deciduous trees ranging in height from 5 to 20 meters. Adansonia digitata The African baobab is the most important in number and also the better known among the eight species. Adansonia digitata(baobab) leaves were collected at Botany Department, University of Ibadan, Oyo state, Nigeria. Height: up to 30 meters Bloom Color: White Propagation. Latin Name Adansonia digitata Description. Adansonia Digitata is also commonly known as Baobab. The large, pendulous flowers (up to 200 mm in diameter) are white and sweetly scented,that are pollinated by bats. Etymology: Adansonia: Named after a French surgeon Michel Adanson (1727-1806). Common Names: The baobab tree is regarded as being the largest tree in Africa and the largest succulent plant in the world, it is leafless for nine months of the year. (2002) Adansonia digitata (Baobab) care information: Temperature: Baobab tree doesn't tolerate temperatures lower than 55F and needs 6 months of dry season (no water at all) to be able to enter dormancy. Regarded as the largest succulent plant in the world, Adansonia digitata, commonly known as the Baobab tree, is steeped in a wealth of mystique, legend, and superstition wherever it occurs in Africa.It is a tree that can provide food, water, shelter, and relief from sickness. The phytochemical screening has indicated that the leaf extract of A. digitata contains flavonoids, saponins, mucilage, steroids, and alkaloids. congolensis A.Chev. The Baobab tree is a strange looking tree that grows in low-lying areas in Africa and Australia. Adansonia comprises 8 species, one of which is of African mainland origin, one endemic to Australia and 6 to Madagascar. The baobab is a deciduous, meaning that in winter, it sheds all of its leaves and grows new ones in spring. Adansonia digitata var. Synonyms: 1. The plants main feature is known to be the largest succulent in the world. The leaves were air dried at room temperature, and reduced to fine powder using a blender. Light: Filtered light for the first few days after you received it to let it adjust, then full light. The plants main feature are the thick tree-like stems. Origin and characteristics of the baobab. They improved lipid profile of the rats by (26.92% and 25.46%). The leaves are use as animal feed and pasture for ruminant animal. Some count this tree’s leaves among their most valued vegetables. Across much of Africa the baobab (Adansonia digitata) is a common sight. It is clear that the distribution of the species throughout the dry parts of Africa is mainly due to humans. Pulp of fruits used for food and food seasoning. ... Chromosome numbers reported for Adansonia digitata are 96, 128, 144 and 160. https://www.edenproject.com/learn/for-everyone/plant-profiles/ The common name baobab is derived from Arabic meaning "father of many seeds?. The foot-long, gourd-like fruits are filled with refreshing, lemon-flavored pulp and edible seeds. Africa (west): young, tender roots are edible. Adansonia digitata's bole may extend deep into the ground, pending soil conditions. Adansonia baobab Gaertn. 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